Tips on First Aid for Allergic Reactions
Your immune system creates antibodies to fight off foreign substances so you don’t get sick. Sometimes your system will identify a substance as harmful even though it isn’t. When this happens, it’s called an allergic reaction.
These substances, or allergens, can be anything from food, medication, or environments.
When your body comes in contact with these allergens, it can cause mild symptoms like skin irritation, watery eyes, or sneezing. In some people allergies can cause anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening condition that will cause shock, a sudden drop in blood pressure, and trouble with breathing. This can lead to respiratory failure and cardiac arrest.
Symptoms of allergic reactions-
1. Difficulty in breathing or wheezing.
2. Tightness in the throat or a feeling that the airways are closing
3. Hoarseness or trouble speaking
4. Swollen lips, tongue, or throat
5. Nausea, abdominal pain, or vomiting
6. Fast heartbeat or pulse
7. Anxiety or dizziness
8. Loss of consciousness
9. Other symptoms of a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).
How to treat these symptoms?
1. For lower allergic reactions like hay fever, you can have an antihistamine.
2. For stuffy nose you can have an OTC decongestant.
3. For itchy, watery eyes, use OTC allergy eye drops.
4. For itchy allergic rash, you should use an OTC hydrocortisone cream.
First Aid for a person experiencing Anaphylaxis
For a person suffering with anaphylaxis, you should immediately call for an emergency help. The sooner a person gets epinephrine the better. Try and keep the person calm, lay the person on their back. Raise their feet to about 12 inches. Make sure that they are wearing loose clothing.
How to avoid allergic reactions?
When you have an allergic reaction, the most important factor is to figure out the source of the allergic reaction. The more you control your contact with allergens the better you can avoid the allergic reactions. Make people around you aware of your allergic reactions and their first aid.
Knowledge about allergic reactions and their first aid can help you save a life!